Guide to Rose Flowers
1.1 What is the meaning of the Rose flower and what do they symbolise?
Roses will never fail to convey love and appreciation, but depending on the colour and even the type of rose, the meaning of a rose can vary. Roses will generally be registered as a gesture of goodwill, regardless of their underlying meaning. Emotions conveyed include:
- Love, Romance: If Roses are the most popular flower in the world, love is the most popular emotion they send to the person receiving a rose. For extra passionate effect, make sure there rose is red. If you’re trying to tell the person you’ve fallen in love with them or you have love at first sight, consider a lavender or purple rose.
- Friendship, Happiness: Do you have a friend who’s been looking out for you lately, or maybe an upcoming birthday? Brighten up their day and symbolise your friendship with a bouquet of yellow roses.
- Sincerity, Purity, Delicate: White flowers tend to convey these emotions, and roses are no exceptions. Traditional wedding bouquets are made of white ivory roses, and are a safe choice for any bride undecided on a elegant and beautiful flower arrangement for her reception.
- Secret Love, Joy: Similar to yellow roses, red roses carry the sentiment of happiness and thoughtfulness. They say ‘I appreciate what you’ve done for me‘, ‘I like spending time with you‘, or simply ‘Never change’.
1.2 What occasions are best to give Rose flowers as a gift?
Roses are so universal that they can be given appropriately for countless occasions, though traditionally the key meaning is that of love. One of our most romantic dates of the year has the rose as it’s very own flowery mascot of love.
- Valentine’s Day: Of course! Along with chocolate hearts and Cupid, the rose has concreted its spot on February 14th. Let your partner, love or crush know how much you love them with a dozen red roses, or for a more cost-friendly (and equally romantic) effect, go for the single red rose approach.
- Anniversary: It’s the end of the day and your partner is starting to think you’ve forgotten your anniversary. Suddenly you appear at the door with boxed roses, a bottle of wine and a card. Hearts are melted and happiness shoots through the roof. Too easy!
- Love & Romance, Just Because: Does love need an occasion or date to celebrate it? Sometimes you feel the urge to simply express your romantic love to your partner ‘just because‘ you appreciate and care for them so much.
1.3 How long do Rose from a florist live for?
While we wish our roses would bloom and remain fresh for longer, such is life that cut flowers delivered from a florist often have a lifespan of 2-14 days depending on the type of flower. Roses specifically last for about 5-7 days until their petals will began to dry out, wilt and fall off.
To keep your flowers alive as long possible, make sure first off get them placed in a container of water as soon as you bring the home or to an office. Make sure the container is clean and sterile, and the water lukewarm or at least room temperature. Cut any flowers or limbs on the flower stem off, or any dry or dubious rose petals on the head.
One of the tricks of the trade not known to most flower recipients is to cut flower stems underwater. This stops air travelling to the rose heads, which can speed up decay and create limp heads.
Keep the roses out of direct sunlight, preferably in the coolest part of your home. If your florist did not provide you with any flower food or preservative to add to the water, simply add a couple of teaspoons or sugar or soft drink to your arrangement.
Finally, Replace the water and rose food every day if you want the maximum life out of your precious roses, but reasonably, every two days is satisfactory if you lack the time or effort.
1.4 What different type of Rose flower species are there?
There are over one hundred species and hybrids in the Rose family, yet some of themore common types of roses you’ll see day to day include:
- Hybrid Tea: Hands down the most modern rose available today. When one conjures the image of a rose in their mind, they will more than likely be picturing a hybrid tea rose, even if they are unaware of the differing species of roses. They are long stemmed and ideal for roses and bouquets, but do not have a strong a fragrance as other roses. They come in a variety of colours and are hardy rose variants fairly easy to grow and cultivate.
- Damask: The damask rose or ‘damascene rosa‘ are stunning roses with a wide expanse of wavy textured petals in full bloom. They have one of the strongest sweet Rose fragrances of all flowers, and it’s no surprise that they’re used both as culinary delights and in perfume.
- Cabbage: Also known as the provence rose, the cabbage rose derives it’s name from it’s thick layering of petals which resembles the intricate layers and appearance. Not to give the impression that these flowers resemble cabbages – they are pure roses, with sweet aromas and beautiful blooms.
- Miniature: These roses grow as scrub bushes, generally climb up trellises, walls and fences to give your home or decor that floral beauty which roses can bring. They are also known as climber roses. They are true roses, simply bred to grow and bloom with smaller heads.
1.5 What conditions does the Rose flower need to grow?
Climate: Roses can grow in just about any climate, and special breeds have even been created to cope with polar climates. Full sunlight, rich soil and satisfactory hydration (like most flowers) are the key for growing roses. They are ultimately hardy flowers with a strong will to live and desire to bloom.
Soil: Roses prefer a slightly acidic soil ranging from 5.8-6.8 pH. Organic matter such as peat moss and potting soil is ideal to provide roses a nutrient rich soil. Mulching is recommended to restrict any weeds growing and sapping the soil nutrients from your precious roses.
Planting: When planting roses, be sure to dig a hole deep enough (roughly 15cm) to fit nutrients in, whether it be bone meal, peat moss or fertilizer. During the off season where your Roses lay dormant, be sure to prune and remove and dead or drying petals and limbs. If you are transferring potted, rooted flowers, be sure to soak the roots in water for at least a few hours before replanting them.
Fertilizer: Roses need fairly regular fertilization, so a slow-timed phosphorus mixture will do the trick of suppling a steady release of nutrients to your plant. See this guide for an in-depth review on fertilizing roses.
Insects & Disease: Unfortunately, we’re not the only ones who adore Roses. The bacterial, fungal and pest kingdom can’t get enough of them either. Mites, beetles, mildew and canker are just a few problems that your roses can come across and ultimately destroy. See the Rose Gardening Guru pest guide for more information.
Height at Bloom: A single long-stemmed hybrid rose flower, the typical rose you can expect to receive from a florist when buying roses will be approximately 60cm. Miniature variations grow 10-15cm, while giant roses can reach a humongous 2 metres.
Watering: Roses are thirsty perennial flowers, and when watering, there should be enough water to penetrate right down to the bottom of the roots. Instead of regular quick watering, opt in for the occasional deep soil hydration instead.
See About.com’s short guide to planting and growing roses for more information.